The largest glandular organ of human body, the liver, is considered as playing the role of a check-post through which a large quantity of blood passes everyday in order to get purified. A basic knowledge of how liver works is essential in order to develop protective measure against the liver diseases.
How Liver Works
- Dangerous elements like drugs, alcohol, pathogens, microorganisms, and environmental toxins are filtered out by the liver from our blood stream.
- Liver is the source of energy that human body uses in its daily activities. The production of energy is done by utilizing the carbohydrates, fat and proteins which we consume through our daily diet.
- Liver is the storehouse of vitamins and glycogen. These elements are used for producing energy during emergency situation when our body needs energy in absence of food.
- If our blood gets congested with hormones then it is the liver which plays an active role by removing them from the blood. It also sends signal for triggering certain other hormones.
- It is the hepatocyte liver cells which are responsible for metabolizing the food items, breaking surplus ammonia into urea, storing vitamins and folic acids, regulates proteins and hormones. They are also responsible for clotting of blood in the wounds and secretion of bile.
Factors Responsible For Liver Damage
Reasons why the liver gets damaged are widely varied.
Infections: Sometimes the liver gets infected due to many reasons. The most important of all is hepatitis or inflammation of the liver. This is a type of common viral infection triggered chiefly by three major types of viruses namely: Hepatitis A, B, and C. Additionally, a few types of fungi, bacteria, and protozoa might also be responsible for instigating hepatitis.
Inflammatory diseases: Inflammation or damage of the liver cells called hepatocytes is known as hepatitis. Hepatitis is usually triggered by toxic matters, immunologic, or infectious attacks, etc. Deficiency in antitrypsin might also be responsible for causing hepatitis.
Toxins: Hepatic damage might also be caused by drugs, alcohols, certain chemicals and poisonous substances. These toxic agents are able to damage the liver both directly and indirectly. In direct attack they damage the liver cells or indirectly they can either stimulate an autoimmune response or reduce the natural defense. However this mechanism is still unexplored.
Vascular disorders: The risk of liver damage is quite likely as an outcome of portal hypertension. Portal high blood pressure is caused due to mounting pressure in the portal blood stream which is purified by the liver. Portal hypertension occurs due to an obstruction in the portal blood flow which drains the blood from the stomach, intestines, and spleen.
Immunological disorders: The primary task of the immune system of human body is to identify the malicious foreign agents like “non-self” antigens, bacteria, virus, and their proteins. Certain diseases like autoimmune hepatitis trigger the autoimmune system which destroys some parts of the liver causing liver cirrhosis.
Symptoms of Liver Disease
- Severe itching on the undamaged skin surface
- Feeling of a palpable liver or sever pain in the upper right abdomen along with tenderness.
- Patient might suffer from jaundice or cholestasis with symptoms like pale stools, bone loss, easy bleeding, jaundice, dark urine, small and visible spider like blood vessels, pain in the biliary tract and pancreas, severe itching, enlarged gall bladder and fluid in the abdomen etc.
- Portal hypertension involves ascites and bleeding in the varicose veins at the lower end of esophagus.
- Flu-like symptoms, diarrhea, and malnutrition are very common.
Preventive measures for Liver Disease
- Combination of alchohol, and drugs like acetaminophen must be avoided since they might generate toxic outcomes.
- Vaccination against major liver diseases is essential.
- Higher dose of vitamins like A, E and K might generate aversive impact on the liver.
- Use of alcohol, smoking, tea and coffee should be restricted and in case of patients with an already damaged liver, such addictions must be strictly and totally avoided.
Diet Recommended in Liver Diseases
- Amount of sodium in diet must be restricted since substances like sodium are responsible for retaining the body fluids.
- Protein consumption should be controlled.
- Daily diet must contain more and more amount of carbohydrates. Corn and rice flakes are highly recommendable.
- The patient’s body should be supplied with the optimum and balanced amount of calories, fat-soluble minerals, and fatty acids.
- Junk and stale food items or victuals containing preservative, high amount of cheese, and cold beverages should be stopped.
Herbal Remedies for Liver Problems
Bhumyamlaki (Phyllanthus niruri): This unique herb is useful in removing toxic wastes and strengthening liver activity.
Bhringaraja (Ecllipta alba): This amazing herb is regarded as one of best herbal medication for gastrointestinal and liver problems.
Katuki (Picrorhiza kurroa): This herb is known to protect hepatocytes or parenchymal cells of the liver and makes the liver healthy.
Sharpunkha (Tephrosea purpurea): This herb is regarded as one of the best natural remedies for liver and spleen diseases.
Haridra (Curcuma longa): It helps in pacifying pitta disorders and also fights back liver infection.
Herbal Supplements for Liver Problems
Treatment for Liver Diseases
Livup Capsules: This wonderful hepatic liver problems supplement is completely natural and would protect your liver from any malicious disorders or infections. It is formulated with bhumyamalaki, kutki, kalmegh, and liquorice which are the best liver supportive herbs available in Ayurveda. This herbal medication would successfully restore even a damaged liver to its normal condition without imposing any side effects.