Headache is a pain in the head and upper neck area which might be an indication of some underlying disorder or a disease in its own. Headache, otherwise also known as cephalagia, is one of most frequent and universal medical condition found in human.
Different Types of Headaches
Headaches are categorized into two broad types:
- Primary Headache: Three types of primary headaches could be detected:
- Migraine Headches: It is mainly typified by throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of the headwith moderate to severe intensity. It could last from 4 hours to 3 days! Physical activities worsen migraine pain and could end up with nausea and vomiting. Patients often experience photophobia and become hypersensitive toward odors and sounds.
Migraine is mainly of two types:
Classic and Common migraine. In the first case the patient experiences a short phase of warning indications or “aura” which could be seeing flashing lights, weakness, loss of vision for sometimes, difficulty in speech, etc. Common migraine does not involve any aura; however, some patients reported to encounter experiences of mood changes, tiredness, etc. before attack. Attack of this type of migraine is associated with diarrhea, frequent urination, nausea, and vomiting.
Other types of migraines include hemiplegic (temporary paralysis of one side of body), ophthalmoplegic (pain around the eye), and basilar artery (in young women a major artery at the base of the brain gets affected).
- Cluster Headaches:It is characterized by sudden repetitive brief attacks of extreme pain on one side of the head with maximum intensity around the eye. Cluster headache might appear once in every other day and intensity of recurring might go up to eight times per day. They might last for 5 minutes to 3 hours.
- Tension Headaches: These are most common type of headaches which could be either episodic or chronic type. Episodic headache might attack 15 or fewer times in one month whereas chronic type attacks for more than 15 days in a month. Tension headache usually lasts for more than a few hours.
- Rebound Headaches: This is also known as analgesic-abuse headache as it is caused due to over-consumption of drugs for headaches and tension.
- Secondary Headahes: This type of headaches are mainly typified as traction and inflammatoryheadaches and caused due to disorders of head, ears, teeth, sinuses, etc. Some of the major diseases responsible for secondary headaches are:
- Brain tumor
- Head trauma
- Temporal arteritis
- Lumbar puncture
- Sinus infections
- Referred pain
- Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
What Causes Headache and Headache Symptoms
What Causes Headache – Causes of headaches could be either physical or psychological
- Physical:When nociceptors or specialized nerve endings located in our skin or in the walls of blood vessels get stimulated due to pressure or some injury we feel headache.
Tension headache arises due to
- Emotional stress which causes the tightening of the muscles of the face, neck, and scalp areas
- Depression or nervousness
- Some physical stances that cause to tense the head and neck muscles
- Degenerative arthritis of the neck
Migraine headaches might arise due to following reasons
- Lack of magnesium in the brain or deficiency of hypersensitivity to dopamine
- Sometimes a certain type of nerve cells present in the cortex becomes abnormally excited due to genetic mutations and they depolarize instantly producing potassium and glutamate. These chemicals in turn depolarize the adjacent nerve cells resulting in cortical-spreading depression (CSD). CSD modifies the amount of blood flow in the blood vessels, thereby stimulating nociceptors bringing about severe headache.
- Psychological: Acute headaches are frequently associated with stress, or somatoform disorders. Anxiety and depression often trigger or augment certain type of chronic headaches such as tension type of headaches. Under stressone’s muscles become tighter and the posture becomes more rigid. This situation is called muscular bracing and a common reason of traumatic headache.
- Weekly three or more headaches
- Use of analgesic every other day
- Fever and/or Stiff neck, dizziness, shortness of breath, blurry vision
- Persistent or violent vomiting
- Recurrent headache pain in child
- Disquiet, confusion, bad temper, and general feeling of discomfort
Migraine Headache Treatment
Ashwgandha (Withania somnifera): This amazing herbal bequest is known for its unmatched soothing effect over nervous system. It promotes the rejuvenation of neurotransmitters, strengthen body’s ability to resist mental stress and maintain homeostasis. This eventually helps in preventing the formation of headaches due to anxiety and tension.
Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata): Rasna is best known for its effectivity as an analgesic. Also known as Pluchea lanceolata, this herb is widely used as antipyretic, analgesic, and nervine tonic.
Ajmoda (Apium graveolens): Ajmoda or celery fruit is extremely useful for vascular headaches. This herb works as an analgesic and successfully relieves headache.
Herbal Supplements for Migraine Headache Treatment
Migraine Headache Treatment
Ashwagandha herbal capsules are quite useful in improving nervous system without imposing any side effects. This purely natural supplement is extremely effective in preventing headache.