The word “Diabetes” has been originated from Greek word which means “a siphon.” Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which either the pancreas no longer produces insulin or the body cells do not respond to the insulin produced. As a result the body cells cannot absorb glucose from the blood.
Diabetes is mainly of two types: Diabetes Type One and Type Two.
What Causes Diabetes
This disease has got a number of causal factors:
- A genetic signal could trigger the initiation of diabetes
- Oftentimes beta cells in pancreas stops producing or reduce the formation of insulin. It mainly happens due to malnourishment or malfunctioning of pancreas. This thwarts the proper utilization of glucose in our body cells causing diabetes.
- Reduction in the production of insulin could also happen due to prolonged mental stress, obesity, and regular intake of excess sweetened food and drink.
- According to ayurvedic theory too much of sleeping, laziness, and eating too much without doing any hard work could also be a reason behind this disease.
- Excess intake of jaggery might cause diabetes.
- People having poor digestive fire produce toxic nutrients after digestion which could turn into this disease.
- Some of the factors aggravate vata dosha and kapha dosha in our body which also result in this disease.
Indications of diabetes vary depending upon its types.
Symptoms for Diabetes Type One:
These symptoms could appear in children, adolescents, or in people above 40 and mainly include
- Abrupt change in vision such as blurred or loss of vision
- Tingling sensation or numbness of the hands and legs due to altered sensory nerve activities and this sensation gets augmented if someone sits in a single posture for longer period
- Diabetic patients usually feel extreme cravings for food
- Often patients experience clueless weight loss
- You might feel tired in most of the time
- The skin all over the body surface and more specifically the palms and hands get dried
- Frequent discharge of urine from the bladder which is also known as polyuria
- Susceptibility to infections due to reduced resistance power
- Patients often feel excessive thirst which is also known as polydypsia
- Wounds and sores would get cured much slower than normal condition
- Sometimes diabetic patients show indications like vomiting, nausea, and stomach ache
Diabetes Type Two is very common and usually shows the symptoms caused due to elevated sugar level which causes loss of glucose through urine. Increased output of urine results in dehydration and thirst. Other symptoms like fatigue, weight loss, and reduced immunity are quite prominent in this type of diabetes.
General symptoms for any type of diabetes include polyuria, thirst, and weight loss. Other symptoms like tiredness, extreme hunger, skin disorders, pain and numbness, and slow-healing wounds are also not uncommon.
If a person is suffering from diabetes for a long time devoid of any proper medication then he/she might be affected by a number of severe complications. Some common complications of diabetes are as follows
Blindness: High blood sugar level damages the blood vessels connected to retina which initially causes blurred vision due to non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In the later stage this condition turns into proliferative diabetic retinopathy which causes blindness.
Renal failure: If the sugar level persists abnormally high for a longer period it might damage the kidney. This condition is known as diabetic neuropathy or kidney failure which is uncontrolable by drugs or diet.
Cardiovascular diseases: Diabetic patients often face the problems of obesity, increased cholesterol, and atherosclerosis or hardening of arteries causing several heart diseases. Study shows that 90% of deaths of diabetic patients all over the world happened due to cardiovascular disorders.
Foot ulcers: Diabetic neuropathy or nerve damage often leads to numbness of limbs, thereby causing foot injuries in diabetic patients. Due to prolonged healing time microorganisms easily proliferate in the affected area causing infection and dreaded ulcers.
- Regular health check-up after certain age is the best way to prevent diabetes
- Stay away from sweet fruits
- Limit the intake of sugar contained victuals:
- Avoid taking much of cereals, cookies, cakes, candies. Do not take spaghetti sauce and canned soup as they contain high sugar content
- Avoid honey, corn syrup, maple syrup, sorghums, and brown, powdered, and cane sugar
- Some “ose” sugars like sucrose, lactose, maltose, fructose, and glucose which are often present in many food items should be avoided either
- Some “ols” sugar alcohols like xylitol, sorbitol, mannitol, and maltitol which could be found in chewing gums and mouth fresheners should also be omitted
- Avoid spicy and junk foods
- Appropriate exercises on a regular basis help in stimulating pancreas to produce insulin
- Jambufal is best for diabetes.
- Jowar and bajra are preferred diet
- Intake of turmeric helps in improving natural tolerance toward extra glucose content
- Cumin seeds, ginger, chili, garlic, radish, and karela are extremely helpful for diabetes.
Herbs for Diabetes Treatment
Following herbs are quite helpful in improving diabetes and acts as natural cures for diabetes.
Bitter Gourd: This unique herb has profound action over pancreas which helps in insulin production.
Guduchi Satva: This herb helps in maintaining the equilibrium of vata, pitta, and kapha
Sarasapilla: It also stimulates the secretion of insulin.
Malabar Kinotree: It induces body cells to absorb the glucose from the blood
Turmeric: this herb is best known for controlling kapha dosha
Natural Cures for Diabetes
Diabeta: It is a unique herbal blend which is extremely effective in alleviating different causal factors of diabetes, thereby eventually healing up diabetes completely.
Shilajit: This widely known herbal medication is quite useful in preventing and alleviating diabetes through proper regulation of blood sugar level.